Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for March, 2019

3/27/1964: The strongest earthquake in American history (M9.2) rocks southern Alaska, creating a deadly tsunami and resulting in the deaths of about 131 people and injuring thousands.

3/27/1977: Two 747 jumbo jets crash into each other on the runway at an airport in the Canary Islands, killing 582 passengers and crew members

The Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria grew by 23 cases in the past week


 In the reporting Week 11 (11th – 17th March, 2019) 23 new confirmedi cases were reported from nine states – Edo(8), Ondo(4), Ebonyi(3), Bauchi(3), Taraba(1), Imo(1), Enugu(1), Benue(1) and Kebbi(1) with four new deaths in Edo (2), Benue(1) and Bauchi(1) States  From 1st January to 17th March, 2019, a total of 1801 suspectedi cases have been reported from states. Of these, 495 were confirmed positive, 15 probable and 1277 negative (not a case)-Table 1  Since the onset of the 2019 outbreak, there have been 114* deaths in confirmed cases. Case fatality ratio in confirmed cases is 23.0%

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) saw no let-up in Ebola cases with the health ministry reporting six more cases.



Mardi 26 mars 2019

  La situation épidémiologique de la Maladie à Virus Ebola en date du 25 mars 2019 :

  • Depuis le début de l’épidémie, le cumul des cas est de 1.022, dont 957 confirmés et 65 probables. Au total, il y a eu 639 décès (574 confirmés et 65 probables) et 324 personnes guéries.
  • 161 cas suspects en cours d’investigation 
    (Informations indisponibles pour les zones de santé couvertes par la sous-coordination de Butembo à cause d’un problème de connexion internet)
  • 6 nouveaux cas confirmés, dont 2 à Katwa, 2 à Mandima, et 2 à Vuhovi ; 
  • 5 nouveaux décès de cas confirmés, dont
    • 4 décès communautaires, dont 2 à Katwa et 2 à Mandima ;
    • 1 décès au CTE de Butembo ;
  • 3 nouveaux patients guéris sortis du CTE de Butembo.

/!\ Les données présentées dans ce tableau sont susceptibles de changer ultérieurement, après investigations approfondies et après redistribution des cas et décès dans leurs zones de santé respectives.

Thirsty Exports

T Reuters

“……The 2019 U.N. World Water Development Report said that while safe, clean drinking water and sanitation are human rights, the world is not on track to provide those things to everyone by 2030.

People who are poor or marginalised due to gender, age, ethnicity or religious identity are also more likely to have limited access to proper water and sanitation…..”

3/25/1911: The Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burns down, killing 146 workers


Scattered severe thunderstorms will continue this evening along a corridor from southwest Missouri into northeast Texas. Hail is the greatest risk.

Day 1 Convective Outlook

3/24/1989: Exxon Valdez crashes

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) updates Idai


Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces. The city of Beira, in Sofala Province of central Mozambique, lost communication. The full impact of the cyclone is yet to be established. However, initial reports indicate loss of life and significant damage to infrastructure in Beira and surrounding areas.

Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties.


As of 21 March, at least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai weather system, according to the Government. The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. Health and education facilities have suffered significant damage, with more than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods.

The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance, including for all elements of the humanitarian response – food, shelter, education, health and non-food items, as well as logistical support, including air assets, boats and communications.

More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056), according to government reports. In addition, more than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged, which will impact food security in the months ahead, particularly as the losses coincide with the annual harvest period.


On 16 March, Cyclone Idai hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties.

As of 18 March, the flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away.

At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed.


Cyclone Idai impacted more than 840,000 people, according to the Government, with 56 deaths and 577 injuries recorded. More than 94,000 people are estimated to be displaced, while rapid needs assessments continue in the hardest-hit areas to verify initial estimates and determine the number of people in need of immediate humanitarian assistance.

Satellite imagery shows Chikawa district as particularly affected.

Cyclone Idai and its floods around southern Africa have killed at least 732 people and left thousands in desperate need of help, many on rooftops and trees.



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