Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for May, 2019

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Measles in the Americas


  • In 2019 to date, 12 countries in the Region have reported confirmed measles cases: Argentina, the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, the United States of America, Uruguay, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
  • No fatal cases have been reported in 2019 in the Region. There was one additional confirmed measles case reported in the Region onboard a cruise ship that sailed between Aruba and Curacao.
  • Since the prior PAHO/WHO Epidemiological Update on Measles published on 18 April 20191, 9 countries have reported additional cases of measles: Brazil (70 cases), Canada (12 cases), Chile (1 case), Colombia (27 cases), Costa Rica (1 case), Peru (1 case), the United States of America (284 cases), Uruguay (6 cases), and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (63 cases).

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From January 1 to May 17, 2019, 880 individual cases of measles have been confirmed in 24 states.


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Mozambique’s mothers after 2 typhoons


“….More than 1.8 million people have struggled to recover from the damaging cyclones, but Mozambique’s mothers might be the most in need of help.

Mothers who need to have their babies weighed, immunised or measured, have to consult with doctors outdoors.

A temporary unit for gynaecological examinations and assisted procedures has been set up by the medical charity, Doctors Without Borders, known by its French initials MSF, but a better-equipped structure is urgently needed at this rural hospital where on average 120 women give birth each month…..

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is critical for lactating mothers to have energy and protein-rich foods during emergencies to ensure a baby is breastfed well.

“Breastfeeding is the best protection against diseases. Breastfed babies face much less risk of illness than babies who are not breastfed and, if they are sick, the duration of their illness is usually less,” Dr Nellia Mutisse, a specialist in child health with WHO Mozambique……”


Malaria in the United States, 2016


“…….CDC received reports of 2,078 confirmed malaria cases with onset of symptoms in 2016, including two congenital cases, three cryptic cases, and one case acquired through blood transfusion. The number of malaria cases diagnosed in the United States has been increasing since the mid-1970s. …….”

Number of malaria cases* among U.S. military personnel, U.S. civilians, and non-U.S. residents — United States, 1972–2016

This figure is a line graph that shows the number of malaria cases among U.S. military personnel, U.S. civilians, and non-U.S. residents for the years 1972 through 2016. A solid line shows a gradually increasing upward trend in total number of cases, with the peak occurring in the current year. A dotted line shows an overall upward trend from 1972—2016.

Number* of malaria cases, by state — United States, 2016

This figure is a map of the United States that shows the number of malaria cases diagnosed in each state and territory in 2016. Fifteen jurisdictions reported >50 cases of malaria in 2016, accounting for 74.6% of the 2,078 cases reported: New York City (265), Maryland (182), Texas (170), California (125), Massachusetts (95), New Jersey (86), Pennsylvania (84), Florida (79), Virginia (75), New York state (not including New York City) (74), Georgia (69), Minnesota (66), Illinois (65), Ohio (63), and North Carolina (52).

Abbreviations: AS = American Samoa; CT = Connecticut; CNMI = Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; DC = Washington, DC; DE = Delaware; GU = Guam; MA = Massachusetts; MD = Maryland; NH = New Hampshire; NJ = New Jersey; NYC = New York City; PR = Puerto Rico; RI = Rhode Island; VI = Virgin Islands; VT = Vermont.

* N = 2,078. New York state cases do not include those from New York City.

WHO: How YF spreads

Argentina: 2 cases of foodborne botulism linked to hummus have been confirmed.




Kashmir’s Children in the Labor Market


“…..According to government figures, there are over 175,000 children actively involved in child labour in the state, which has a population of 12 million.

Mir says the actual number of child working could be much higher as government figures only reveal the reported cases and a majority of the child labour cases go unreported due to the fear of punishment.

An independent report titled “Socio Economic and Ethical dimensions of Child Labour in Kashmir” conducted in 2005 by Professor Fayaz Ahmad claimed that at the time there were more than 250,000 children in the state working in auto repair shops, brick klins, as domestic labourers, and as carpet weavers and sozni embroiderers.

One of the prime reasons for child labour was poverty……

A 2009 study conducted by the Department of Sociology, University of Kashmir, reveals that about 66 percent of child labourers have only studied until the eighth grade. It further states that 9.2 percent of child labourers are between five and 10 years old, while 90 percent of them are between 11 and 14 years old.

The study also points out that once children start earning money, 80 percent of them stop attending school…..”

5/18/1980: Mount St. Helens in Washington erupts, causing a massive avalanche and killing 57 people



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