Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Women issues’ Category

More than 303,500 women – 99 percent of them in developing countries – died during childbirth in 2015, according to the World Health Organization. In addition, some 2.7 million babies died in their first month, mainly from complications during pregnancy or childbirth.

Maternal-Infant Mortality

“……Hemorrhages, high blood pressure and infections accounted for three-fourths of maternal deaths.….”

Thousands of woman are abducted and forced to marry each year in Kyrgyzstan where bride kidnappings continue, particularly in rural areas.

Thompson Reuters

Afghanistan’s worst drought in decades has driven tens of thousands of people from their homes and is pushing families to marry off their children in exchange for dowries in order to survive.

Thompson Reuters

‘Vacation Cutting’


“….Girls in Kenya are being taken across the border to countries such as Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia and Ethiopia for female genital mutilation (FGM) to avoid a crackdown on the harmful traditional practice at home, campaigners said on Monday.
Kenya criminalized FGM in 2011 with a minimum punishment of three years imprisonment and a U.S. $2,000 fine….”

10 brilliant technological innovations to save moms and babies

For many mothers and babies around the world, the first 48 hours after birth are the most dangerous of their lives. For eight years, Saving Lives at Birth—spearheaded by USAID—has challenged problem solvers worldwide to create innovative solutions to make birth safer and save lives.

A “dramatic increase” in sexual violence occurred in late November, as about 125 women and girls walking to a food distribution site in Bentiu were “raped, whipped and clubbed.”


Yemen: No food, no money, but lots of child brides


“…..beggars congregate outside supermarkets filled with goods; markets are filled with produce in towns where the hungry eat boiled leaves; and restaurants selling rich food are a few hundred yards from hunger wards filled with desperation, pain and death...…”


“…..In the midst of this national catastrophe, desperate families are increasingly turning to child marriage: Today, more than two thirds of girls are married off before the age of 18, compared to 50 percent before the crisis began.

Parents marry off their daughters to be relieved of the cost of their care, or because they believe a husband’s family can offer better protection. Families also sell their daughters for dowry payments to cope with conflict-related hardship. Child brides are especially common in parts of Yemen that host large numbers of displaced people…..”

Bangladesh: 12,764 new breast cancer patients are detected every year while the number of deaths from breast cancer is 6,846

Dhaka Tribune

“…..A recent survey of 246 patients by the National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital medical oncology department,  social taboos and unawareness were the main reasons for unchecked breast cancer and delay in early detection.
The study found that 65.5% of breast cancer patients delayed their diagnosis by more than six months, although 83% of them found lumps in their breast  or had other symptoms of breast cancer…..”


Quantifying the burden, timing, and causes of maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.


Population-based rates, timing, and causes of maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country prospective cohort study


  • “……We identified 278 186 pregnancies and 263 563 births across the study sites, with outcomes ascertained for 269 630 (96·9%) pregnancies, including 8761 (3·2%) that ended in miscarriage or abortion.
  • Maternal mortality ratios in sub-Saharan Africa (351 per 100 000 livebirths, 95% CI 168–732) were similar to those in south Asia (336 per 100 000 livebirths, 247–458), with far greater variability within sites in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates were approximately two times higher in sites in south Asia than in sub-Saharan Africa (stillbirths: 35·1 per 1000 births, 95% CI 28·5–43·1 vs 17·1 per 1000 births, 12·5–25·8; neonatal mortality: 43·0 per 1000 livebirths, 39·0–47·3 vs 20·1 per 1000 livebirths, 14·6–27·6).
  • 40–45% of pregnancy-related deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths occurred during labour, delivery, and the 24 h postpartum period in both regions. Obstetric haemorrhage, non-obstetric complications, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and pregnancy-related infections accounted for more than three-quarters of maternal deaths and stillbirths.
  • The most common causes of neonatal deaths were perinatal asphyxia (40%, 95% CI 39–42, in south Asia; 34%, 32–36, in sub-Saharan Africa) and severe neonatal infections (35%, 34–36, in south Asia; 37%, 34–39 in sub-Saharan Africa), followed by complications of preterm birth (19%, 18–20, in south Asia; 24%, 22–26 in sub-Saharan Africa)…..”

Nobel Peace Prize Awarded To Fighters Against Sexual Slavery


…..Dr. Mukwege campaigned relentlessly to shine a spotlight on the plight of Congolese women, even after nearly being assassinated a few years ago. Ms. Murad, who was enslaved by the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, has told and retold her story of suffering to organizations around the world, helping to persuade the United States State Department to recognize the genocide of her people at the hands of the terrorist group…..”


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