UT College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences News

Measuring critical thinking and professionalism

Photo of Dr. Michael Peeters

Dr. Peeters

Dr. Michael Peeters (PharmD, MEd, FCCP, BCPS), a clinical senior lecturer in the Department of Pharmacy Practice, is a psychometrician with a research focus is pharmacy education and has a recent stream of papers on the assessment of cognitive development among PharmD students.

After writing a review article a number of years ago [Peeters MJ. Cognitive development of learners in pharmacy education. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2011; 3(3):224-229], Dr. Peeters helped develop and implement a program to assess UT PharmD students’ development in critical thinking. In preparation, he conducted literature searches and reviews within the pharmacy education and health professions education literature [Reale MC, Witt BA, Riche DM, Baker WL, Peeters MJ. Development of critical thinking among health professions students: a meta-analysis. Am J Pharm Educ. 2015; 79(5):article S4; Peeters MJ, Zitko KL, Vaidya VA. Critical thinking development in pharmacy education: a meta-analysis. Inov Pharm. 2016; 7(1): article 10].

The results of critical thinking development from these classes of PharmD student participants have recently been published [Peeters MJ, Boddu SHS. Assessing development of critical thinking: one institution’s experience. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2016; 8(3):271-278].

Of note, one critical thinking assessment that was used also measures professionalism. In the most recent Standards for PharmD education, the American Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) has required all PharmD education programs to assess their students’ professional development. Thus, the critical thinking assessment that also measures professionalism was used to help measure this important ACPE outcome as well. Along with documentation from teaching and learning of pharmacist professionalism and ethics (i.e., one of Dr. Peeters’ teaching roles), he presented these findings [Vaidya VA, Peeters MJ. Assessing professional development (Standard 4): the University of Toledo’s experience. Am J Pharm Educ. 2015; 79(5):article S4]—with a publication in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. PharmD students at UTCPPS demonstrated development in their professionalism. Additionally, Dr. Peeters received an honorable mention within the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy’s 2016 Innovations in Teaching competition.

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is the Scientific Editor and College Communicator for The University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. She is a triple alumna of The University of Toledo with master's degrees in English and Education and a graduate certificate in Patient Advocacy.
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