Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for February, 2016

Afghanistan: A suicide bomber rode up on a motorcycle to the entrance of a government office in Asadabad before detonating his device and killing at least 10 people..




Burundi: Alleged human rights violations by government and its military

NY Times


Human Rights Watch

**  an alarming new pattern of abductions and possible disappearances




New report: A case of Zika virus infection imported in Florence, Italy ex-Thailand, leading to a secondary autochthonous case, probably through sexual transmission.

Venturi G, Zammarchi L, Fortuna C, Remoli M, Benedetti E, Fiorentini C, Trotta M, Rizzo C, Mantella A, Rezza G, Bartoloni A. An autochthonous case of Zika due to possible sexual transmission, Florence, Italy, 2014. Euro Surveill. 2016;21(8):pii=30148. DOI:

Florence, Italy


Saudi MOH: ‘2 New Confirmed Corona Cases Recorded’


** The overall effectiveness of this year’s flu vaccine is 59%. Getting a flu vaccine this season reduced the risk of having to go to the doctor because of flu by nearly 60%




* WHO: Breastfeeding in the context of Zika virus (Interim guidelines, 2/25/16)



**  WHO:  “….In light of available evidence, the benefits of breastfeeding for the infant and mother outweigh any potential risk of Zika virus transmission through breast milk….”

WHO: Identification and management of Guillain-Barré syndrome in the context of Zika virus (2/25/16 Interim Guidelines)


Brighton Criteria for diagnosing Guillain-Barre Syndrome


WHO: Assessment of infants with microcephaly in the context of Zika virus (25 February 2016)




Brazil: New case report provides evidence that in addition to microcephaly, there may be a link between Zika virus infection and hydrops fetalis and fetal demise.



Axial ultrasound views of the fetus at the 30th gestational week showing (A) Cranium with severe microcephaly (215mm) and hydranencephaly; (B) Posterior fossa with destruction of the cerebellar vermis (wide arrow) and nuchal edema (thin arrow); (C) Thorax with bilateral pleural effusions (arrow); and (D) Abdomen with ascites (wide arrow) and subcutaneous edema (thin arrow).


Sarno M, Sacramento GA, Khouri R, do Rosário MS, Costa F, Archanjo G, et al. (2016) Zika Virus Infection and Stillbirths: A Case of Hydrops Fetalis, Hydranencephaly and Fetal Demise. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(2): e0004517. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004517


Kansas: A gunman shot and killed 3 people on Thursday and wounded 14 others before being shot dead by police.

USA Today




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