Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Historical Event’ Category

September 21, 1999: An earthquake in Taiwan kills thousands of people, causes billions of dollars in damages and leaves an estimated 100,000 homeless.


9/21/1938: The Long Island Express, a powerful Category 3 hurricane slams into Long Island and southern New England, causing 600 deaths and devastating coastal cities and towns.



New England Hurricane 1938
The “Long Island Express” was first detected over the tropical Atlantic on September 13, although it may have formed a few days earlier. Moving generally west-northwestward, it passed to the north of Puerto Rico on the 18th and 19th, likely as a category 5 hurricane. It turned northward on September 20 and by the morning of the 21st it was 100 to 150 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. At that point, the hurricane accelerated to a forward motion of 60 to 70 mph, making landfall over Long Island and Connecticut that afternoon as a Category 3 hurricane. The storm became extratropical after landfall and dissipated over southeastern Canada on September 22.

Blue Hill Observatory, Massachusetts measured sustained winds of 121 mph with gusts to 183 mph (likely influenced by terrain). A U.S. Coast Guard station on Long Island measured a minimum pressure of 27.94 in. Storm surges of 10 to 12 ft inundated portions of the coast from Long Island and Connecticut eastward to southeastern Massachusetts, with the most notable surges in Narragansett Bay and Buzzards Bay. Heavy rains before and during the hurricane produced river flooding, most notably along the Connecticut River.

This hurricane struck with little warning and was responsible for 600 deaths and $308 million in damage in the United States.

September 16, 2013: Gunman kills 12 in D.C. Navy Yard massacre

Hurricane Gilbert slams into Jamaica, killing hundreds of people, on September 12, 1988.

Remembering Those We Lost 18 Years Ago on 9/11

September 8, 1900: “……One of the deadliest hurricanes in U.S. history hits Galveston, Texas….killing more than 6,000 people……”


9/3/2004: A three-day hostage crisis at a Russian school comes to a violent conclusion with the deaths of more than 300 people, many of them kids.



9/2/1666: The Great London Fire

9/2/1666: The Great Fire of London


Lasted 4 days before it was extinguished, destroying 4/5 of London. 
“……The Great Fire of London was a disaster waiting to happen. London of 1666 was a city of medieval houses made mostly of oak timber. Some of the poorer houses had walls covered with tar, which kept out the rain but made the structures more vulnerable to fire. Streets were narrow, houses were crowded together, and the firefighting methods of the day consisted of neighborhood bucket brigades armed with pails of water and primitive hand pumps…..”

9/1/1983: Soviet jet fighters intercept a Korean Airlines passenger flight in Russian airspace and shoot the plane down, killing 269 passengers and crewmembers.



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