Global & Disaster Medicine

10/12/1918: A massive forest fire rages through Minnesota, killing hundreds of people and leaving thousands homeless.

History Channel


Tyndall Air Force Base took a “direct hit” from Michael’s eye


Monterrey, Mexico: A shopping mall under construction collapsed Thursday, killing at least 7 and leaving another 9 missing



NASA: Florida Slammed by Hurricane Michael

Florida Slammed by Hurricane Michael
Florida Slammed by Hurricane Michael

At approximately 1:30 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (17:30 Universal Time) on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael made landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida. Wind speeds were estimated to be 155 miles (250 kilometers) per hour, which would make the category 4 hurricane the strongest on record to hit the Florida Panhandle. The storm has already destroyed homes and knocked out electric power in the area. Forecasters expect Michael to bring heavy winds and rain to the southeastern United States for several days.

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 16 (GOES-16) acquired data for the composite images above around 1 p.m. Eastern Time on October 10. GOES-16 data (band 2) were overlaid on a MODIS “blue marble.” GOES-16 is operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); NASA helps develop and launch the GOES series of satellites.

The National Weather Service office in Tallahassee issued an extreme wind warning as the storm approached. Forecasters were expecting large storm surges—rising seawater that moves inland as it is pushed onshore by hurricane-force winds. The worst surges were expected to inundate areas between Tyndall Air Force Base and Keaton Beach with 9 to 14 feet of water on October 10.

As the storm moves inland, forecasters expect life-threatening winds to also affect parts of Alabama and Georgia. Areas as far as southeastern Virginia could see several inches over the next three days. North Carolina has declared a state of emergency as the storm forecast has it passing over areas that were affected by Hurricane Florence last month.

NASA Earth Observatory images by Joshua Stevens, using data from GOES-16. Story by Kasha Patel.

Hurricane Michael Reaches North Carolina

Hurricane Michael Reaches North Carolina

Since making landfall in Florida on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael has caused severe property damage and several deaths in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Forecasters expect the storm center will continue to track across North Carolina and Virginia, bringing the potential for life-threatening flash flooding. Michael should move into the western Atlantic Ocean by October 12.

The natural-color image above was taken on the morning of October 11, 2018, as the storm made its way into North Carolina. The image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite.

The category 4 hurricane weakened throughout October 10 and was downgraded to a tropical storm by October 11. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite acquired data for the composite image below in the early morning hours of October 11, as the storm passed over Georgia and South Carolina. The false-color image shows infrared signals known as brightness temperature, which helps distinguish the shape and temperature of the clouds. The image was overlaid on data from the VIIRS “day-night band.”

According to news reports, the storm knocked out power to hundreds of thousands of homes and radio towers, making communication difficult. Water levels in several rivers in North Carolina and Virginia rose by several feet in a matter of hours and are expected to enter moderate to major flooding stages. The National Weather Service also warned about the potential for tornadoes in North Carolina and Virginia.

NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using MODIS data from NASA EOSDIS/LANCE and GIBS/Worldview and VIIRS data from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership. Story by Kasha Patel.

Hospitals in crisis after Michael


  • “…Bay Medical Center, a 300-bed hospital…..The governor had announced that all of the patients in the hospital were to be evacuated, which was expected to take 48 hours.
  • And other residents of the ravaged city were still showing up asking for medical care only to be turned away……
  • Some hospitals in the region closed entirely, and others evacuated their patients, but kept staff in place to run overwhelmed emergency rooms.
  • In Florida, four hospitals and 11 nursing facilities were closed….
  • 35 hospitals or nursing homes in that state were without electricity and operating with generators……
  • Federal health officials said they were moving approximately 400 medical and public health responders into affected areas, including six disaster teams that can set up medical operations outdoors. Some were heading to an overwhelmed emergency department in Tallahassee.
  • Other federal medical personnel were being assigned to search-and-rescue teams to triage people who were rescued…
  • There was a rush to move around 40 people — post-heart surgery patients, critically ill septic patients, respiratory failure patients on ventilators — to safer quarters on lower floors in the central part of the building.
  • Staff members and nurses had to carry some patients down stairways, fearing that the elevators had become unsafe……
  • Gulf Coast Regional Medical Center said on Thursday that it was evacuating all of its approximately 130 inpatients, starting with the most critically ill. The hospital, which was running on backup generator power, had sustained roof and window damage from the storm.……

A significant increase in the number of new Ebola cases in DRC: “…. In just nine days, there have been 33 new cases and 15 deaths….”


“…..a World Health Organization (WHO) official says the epidemic will likely carry well into 2019.….”


Michael: Six deaths have been confirmed – four in Florida, one in Georgia, and one in North Carolina.

Weather Channel

“…..In the town of Chattahoochee, the Florida State Hospital, which is the state’s largest and oldest psychiatric hospital, was inaccessible in the wake of Michael, according to the Miami Herald. The facility’s 975 residents and 325 staffers had ample supplies, especially after food and water drops via helicopter, but the hospital lost all communication with the outside world, the report added…..”




“Extreme electromagnetic incidents caused by an intentional electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack or a naturally occurring geomagnetic disturbance (GMD, also referred to as “space weather”) could damage significant portions of the Nation’s critical infrastructure, including the electrical grid, communications equipment, water and wastewater systems, and transportation modes.

The impacts are likely to cascade, initially compromising one or more critical infrastructure sectors, spilling over into additional sectors, and expanding beyond the initial geographic regions.

EMPs are associated with intentional attacks using high-altitude nuclear detonations, specialized conventional munitions, or non-nuclear directed energy devices. Effects vary in scale from highly local to regional to continental, depending upon the specific characteristics of the weapon and the attack profile. High-altitude electromagnetic pulse attacks (HEMP) using nuclear weapons are of most concern because they may permanently damage or disable large sections of the national electric grid and other critical infrastructure control systems.

Similarly, extreme geomagnetic disturbances associated with solar coronal mass ejections (when plasma from the sun, with its embedded magnetic field, arrives at Earth) may cause widespread and long-lasting damage to electric power systems, satellites, electronic navigation systems, and undersea cables. Essentially, any electronics system that is not protected against extreme EMP or GMD events may be subject to either the direct “shock” of the blast itself or to the damage that is inflicted on the systems and controls upon which they are dependent. For these reasons, the potential severity of both the direct and indirect impacts of an EMP or GMD incident compels our national attention. …..”

Terror Gone Viral: 2018

Terror Gone Viral 2018 :  Document

“…. Cumulatively, over the 2014 to 2018 period covered by the Terror Gone Viral reports, ISIS has been linked to 243 incidences, averaging five terrorist incidents per month…..”


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