Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for April, 2018

The 2016 Earthquake in Ecuador and the Zika Outbreak

The 2016 Earthquake in Ecuador: Zika Outbreak After a Natural Disaster
Diana Pacheco Barzallo, Andrea Pacheco Barzallo, and Eulalia Narvaez

Health Security, Vol. 16, No. 2, April 2018: 127-134.]

“……Our results suggest that the earthquake increased the reported cases of Zika by 0.509 per epidemiologic week (data per 10,000 population), and we argue that the destroyed built environment along with other factors created a disease focus, where the virus spread easily. Because of its potential complications and devastating long-term effects, Zika represents a national threat……”

 


Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health: 1 new case of MERS-CoV related to camel contact.

22-4-2018-01.jpg


Emergency Preparedness and Response: An RWJF Collection

RWJ

Despite improvements in two-thirds of states, significant inequities in health security exist across the nation: the highest-scoring state (Maryland, 8.0) scores 25 percent higher than the lowest states (Alaska and Nevada, 6.4). Generally, states in the Deep South and Mountain West regions lag behind Northeast and Pacific Coast states. Many of the lower-scoring states face elevated risks of disasters and contain disproportionate numbers of low-income residents.

“Five years of continuous gains in health security nationally is remarkable progress,” said Glen Mays, PhD, MPH, who leads a team of researchers at the University of Kentucky in developing the Index. “But achieving equal protection across the U.S. population remains a critical unmet priority.”

Eighteen states achieved preparedness levels that exceed the national average, with 21 states below the national average. A total of 38 states plus the District of Columbia increased their overall health security in the last year, while eight remained steady and four states declined.

“Every community must be equipped to prepare for, respond to, and recover from any health emergency,” said Stephen C. Redd, MD, RADM, USPHS, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response. “The Index helps pinpoint where cross-sector investments are paying off and how the nation can increase resilience.”

Based on a model informed by experts in public health, emergency management, academia, health care, and other sectors, researchers collect, aggregate, and measure health security data from more than 50 sources. The final measures fall into six categories, each of which is assessed independently, and cover topics such as:

 2018 National Health Security Preparedness
Originally developed by the CDC as a tool to drive dialogue to improve health security and preparedness, the Index is a collaborative effort funded by RWJF involving more than 30 organizations. State health officials, emergency management experts, business leaders, nonprofits, researchers, and others help shape the Index.

For more information visit www.nhspi.org.

 


4/18/1983: The U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, is virtually destroyed by a car-bomb explosion that kills 63.

History Channel

 


4/16/1906: At 5:13 a.m., an earthquake estimated at close to 8.0 on the Richter scale strikes San Francisco, California, killing up to 3000 people, toppling numerous buildings, and causing an enormour firestorm..

History Channel

 


Video of Market Street 4 days before the 1906 earthquake in Frisco

Nine minutes of newly found footage, restored from an aging film reel that was revealed publicly this weekend, shows the aftermath of the earthquake that devastated San Francisco in 1906.


Southwest Airlines flight Tuesday has an explosion and chaos reigns and 1 person is dead

CNN


Heavy eruptions of the Tambora volcano in Indonesia over the course of days killed over 100 000.

History Channel

“….. In subsequent months, more than 80,000 people died in the surrounding area from starvation due to the resulting crop failures and disease…..”

 


Measles cases continue to increase in a number of EU/EEA countries with the highest number of cases to date in 2018 were in Romania (1 709), Greece (1 463) France (1 346) and Italy (411) respectively.

ECDC

Child with measles

 


MERS-CoV and a large outbreak in Riyadh during 2017

AJIC

Unusual presentation of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus leading to a large outbreak in Riyadh during 2017

Amer, Hala et al.
American Journal of Infection Control

“…..Between May 31 and June 15, 2017, 44 cases of MERS-CoV infection were reported from 3 simultaneous clusters from 3 health care facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including 11 fatal cases. Out of the total reported cases, 29 cases were reported from King Saud Medical City. The cluster at King Saud Medical City was ignited by a single superspreader patient who presented with acute renal failure…..”


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