Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Mass Gatherings’ Category

5/24/1964: More than 300 fans were killed and another 500 people were injured in the violent melee that followed a football match at National Stadium in Lima, Peru.

1 year ago today: Las Vegas

6/11/1955: a racing car in Le Mans, France, goes out of control and crashes into stands filled with spectators, killing 82

History Channel


4/13/1919: In Amritsar, India’s holy city of the Sikh religion, British and Gurkha troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators

History Channel


The Las Vegas Massacre

Las Vegas Gunman Took Elaborate Steps to Hide His Tracks


Las Vegas: Dodging bullets, first responders respond to a crisis

NY Times

“……At the medical tent, people lay everywhere. He saw his medical technicians applying pressure to chest and leg wounds, using tourniquets to try to stop the bleeding.

“I saw my personnel checking for pulses, realizing the person did not have a pulse, and we literally had to push the body out of the tent and make room for another patient,” he said.

People Mr. Simpson assumed were family members or friends begged the medical workers to perform CPR. But they were following principles of disaster triage, which, in the most extreme circumstances, call for bypassing those whose hearts have already stopped. So in some cases, family members began CPR themselves…..”

Las Vegas: At least 58 people were killed and more than 500 wounded; suspect dead.


Spain: More than 750 people were injured in the crackdown, Catalan officials said.

NY Times

WHO: No disease outbreak or public health event of concern was reported among the nearly 2.4 million pilgrims visiting the holy sites during this year’s hajj, in spite of an increased number of pilgrims performing hajj this year.


“…..In preparation for the hajj, the Ministry of Health, with the support of WHO, intensified readiness, preparedness and response efforts to address any possible health threats that might occur during the hajj. In accordance with the IHR 2005, the Ministry developed a comprehensive plan to implement essential public health mitigation measures, including undertaking detailed preparedness and response efforts to address any potential transmission of cholera, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) or other infectious diseases. In addition, it demonstrated effective capacity in surveillance to ensure early detection and rapid response, infection prevention and control, laboratory, coordination, risk communication and community engagement. The Ministry of Health also deployed 30 000 health care professionals to work in 15 hospitals and 93 health care centres in Makkah, Mina, Muzdalifah and Arafat to serve and protect the health of pilgrims.

In light of the current cholera outbreaks taking place in some countries, the Ministry of Health also undertook intensive preparedness and risk mitigation measures to prevent potential transmission of cholera from pilgrims travelling from these countries and no confirmed cholera cases have, so far, been reported among those attending the hajj.

In anticipation of the higher temperatures expected during this year’s hajj, the Ministry of Health developed a comprehensive plan to prevent and respond to any negative health effects experienced by pilgrims as a result of excessive temperatures. Advice was provided on how to prevent sunstroke and concrete measures were put in place to reduce their negative impact on pilgrim’s health. The plan also included measures to ensure the prompt treatment of any pilgrims experiencing heat exhaustion. According to preliminary information, an increased number of pilgrims were reported as suffering from heat exhaustion as a result of the high temperatures but health services were well prepared and provided timely treatment to those in need.

Morbidity and mortality rates from seasonal influenza were also lower this year, as compared to previous years, due to increased uptake of the seasonal influenza vaccine among pilgrims from Saudi Arabia and other countries. This year, the vaccine was a compulsory requirement for all pilgrims from Saudi Arabia. Countries strictly adhered to the recommendations issued by Saudi Arabia to protect people’s health during the hajj, including vaccination against seasonal influenza, meningococcal meningitis, polio, yellow fever and other diseases.

Of all the samples collected and tested by the national public health laboratory in Makkah, none were found to be positive for MERS-CoV, and so the authorities in Saudi Arabia are happy to report no cases of MERS among pilgrims during this year’s hajj…..”


A stampede of religious pilgrims in a pedestrian tunnel in Mecca leaves more than 1,400 people dead: 7/2/1990.

History Channel


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