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The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel

CDC

The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel

 

  • Junior Detectives
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  • Junior Detectives

CDC has partnered with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and 4-H to develop “The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak,” a graphic novel intended to educate youth audiences about variant flu and the real disease detective work conducted by public and animal health experts when outbreaks of infectious diseases occur.

This graphic novel follows a group of teenage 4-H members who participate in a state agricultural fair and later attend CDC’s Disease Detective Camp in Atlanta. When one of the boys becomes sick following the fair, the rest of the group use their newly-acquired disease detective knowledge to help a team of public and animal health experts solve the mystery of how their friend became ill.

Educational Activities for the Classroom

CDC has partnered with teachers participating in its Science Ambassador Fellowship to develop educational activities to accompany the graphic novel for use in middle and high school science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) classrooms. The activities highlight themes in the graphic novel to teach youth about public health science, epidemiology, biology, outbreak investigations and associated career skills. The graphic novel and its associated educational activities are part of a broader CDC initiative with USDA and other agricultural partners to raise awareness, knowledge and understanding of a One Health approach to zoonotic disease prevention and response. The activities below are available for free download and use, and additional classroom activities will be developed and posted to this site throughout the 2018-2019 school year.

  • Educational Overview (COMING SOON): This document describes the learning objectives associated with the graphic novel and also topics related to influenza (flu) epidemiology, flu biology, zoonotic diseases, variant flu, novel flu and pandemic flu.
  • Activity 1 – The Operation Outbreak Team (COMING SOON): In this activity, students learn the various roles and responsibilities of the professionals involved in an outbreak response.
  • Additional classroom activities will be in the summer and fall of 2018

Global warming & extreme weather disasters

NBC

Climate as Culprit :  Document (NATURE | VOL 560 | 2 AUGUST 2018)

“……scientists had completed “attribution” studies on 190 extreme weather events between 2004 and the middle of 2018. In about two thirds of those cases, the researchers concluded the events had been made more likely, or more severe, because of humanity’s role in warming the Earth.

Last year, for the first time, studies suggested that three weather anomalies — a string of Asian heatwaves, record temperatures around much of the world and ocean warming in the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea — wouldn’t have happened were it not for climate change…….”


Nuffield Bioethics: BACKGROUND PAPER on PANDEMICS

Nuffield Bioethics Document on Pandemic Ethical Considerations

Forward Look 19-20 May 2011

Pandemics

Background Paper

Giovanni De Grandis, University College London Jasper Littmann, University College London / Health Protection Agency

“This paper highlights the main ethical problems raised by strategies aiming at pandemic prevention and control. It outlines what issues nations, policy makers, health care professionals and the public are faced with both during a pandemic and in the attempt to stave it off.”


Attacks on Medical Education across the Globe

Attacks on Medical Education : Document

“…..The aim of this report is to explore an impact of violence on medical education, with its specific components, such as education facilities, teaching hospitals, libraries, professors, medical students and all other directly related components…..”

“….Venezuealan Case Studies:

Threats / intimidation of medical personnel of the Central Hospital of San Cristóbal during protests: During the month of April and May several threats were reported against the personnel of the Central Hospital of San Cristóbal, Táchira state, because the National Guards forbade treating the wounded during social protests, intimidating some doctors who attended these wounded youth, despite the multiple protests that took place in the hospital, this intimidation did not stop.

Tear gas pumps near the Del Valle maternal and child hospital on 04/20/2017: The use of tear gas bombs by the Bolivarian National Police and the Bolivarian National Guard in Longaray and the Intercomunal Avenue of El Valle affected the patients of El Valle Children’s Maternity Hospital. Gases seeped into hospital facilities affecting workers, mothers and newborns17.

Detention of the professor of medical school of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, MD Óscar Noya, on 04/20/2017: Oscar Noya is a doctor and professor at the Central University of Venezuela (UCV). He works continuously for the population that lives in the upper Orinoco. Through the Twitter social network it was possible to know that in the afternoon of Thursday, April 20, Dr. Oscar Noya was arrested, when participated in the protest. Moya was helping people affected by tear gas in Santa Monica, Caracas…..”


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center for Health Security states that although the healthcare system is better prepared post-9/11, it’s still not par in terms of handling a catastrophic disaster

GTSC

“A new report found that U.S. hospitals would struggle to respond adequately to large-scale catastrophic events such as disasters and attacks……Researchers also called for creating a network of disaster resource hospitals as complex disasters “require expertise and resources that are not found in most hospitals,” yet major medical centers with the resources may “lack a dedicated focus on disaster preparedness and response.”……..”

 

 


Myanmar’s “tip of the spear:” hundreds of battle-hardened soldiers from two light infantry divisions – the 33rd and 99th – famed for their brutal counter-insurgency campaigns against this nation’s many ethnic minorities including the Rohingyas

Reuters

“….When Rohingya militants launched attacks across northern Rakhine State in August last year, the 33rd and 99th spearheaded the response. Their ensuing crackdown drove 700,000 Rohingya into neighboring Bangladesh…..”

“….The European Union and Canada on June 25 imposed sanctions on seven senior Myanmar military and police officers, including the commanders of the 33rd and 99th. The seven face asset freezes and are banned from traveling to EU countries. So far, the United States has sanctioned only one Myanmar general for abuses during the Rakhine campaign……”

We Will Destroy Everything : Amnesty International Document

 


Plan International: Adolescent Rohingya girls are being kept in stifling conditions in refugee camps in Bangladesh, unable to go out, deprived of education and facing prospects of early marriage whether they want it or not.

CNN

“……The report, Adolescent Girls in Crisis: Voices of the Rohingya is based on interviews with 300 refugee girls between 10 and 19 years old living in camps outside Cox’s Bazar……..”

 

 

 

 


“Arson Terrorism”

Arson Terrorism

Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center:

A new method devised by Hamas during the “return marches” to attack the communities near the Gaza Strip and disrupt their daily lives.

“……The phenomenon of “arson terrorism” using kites, which began on a small scale during the third week of the violent “return marches,” has gathered momentum during the past few weeks, led by Hamas. In addition to incendiary kites, the use of helium balloons with flammable substances attached began, and later kites and balloons with IEDs attached. For Hamas, the advantage of helium balloons is that they can penetrate deep into Israeli territory and cause more damage than kites. Arson terrorism peaked on Saturday, June 16, 2018, when dozens of incendiary kites and balloons caused 25 fires which destroyed thousands of acres of crops, agricultural fields and natural forests. …..”


About 600 million Indians are facing high to extreme stress over water

Al Jazeera

India Water Crisis Document

“…..India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water1. The crisis is only going to get worse. By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual ~6% loss in the country’s GDP….”

 


San Francisco: Experts consider these buildings vulnerable to collapse only in extreme shaking caused by rare and powerful earthquakes, similar to the one that struck San Francisco in 1906.

NY Times

USGS document:  HayWired

San Francisco Region at Night

Abstract

The HayWired Earthquake Scenario—Engineering Implications is the second volume of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013, which describes the HayWired scenario, developed by USGS and its partners. The scenario is a hypothetical yet scientifically realistic earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after a magnitude-7 earthquake (mainshock) on the Hayward Fault and its aftershocks.

Analyses in this volume suggest that (1) 800 deaths and 16,000 nonfatal injuries result from shaking alone, plus property and direct business interruption losses of more than $82 billion from shaking, liquefaction, and landslides; (2) the building code is designed to protect lives, but even if all buildings in the region complied with current building codes, 0.4 percent could collapse, 5 percent could be unsafe to occupy, and 19 percent could have restricted use; (3) people expect, prefer, and would be willing to pay for greater resilience of buildings; (4) more than 22,000 people could require extrication from stalled elevators, and more than 2,400 people could require rescue from collapsed buildings; (5) the average east-bay resident could lose water service for 6 weeks, some for as long as 6 months; (6) older steel-frame high-rise office buildings and new reinforced-concrete residential buildings in downtown San Francisco and Oakland could be unusable for as long as 10 months; (7) about 450 large fires could result in a loss of residential and commercial building floor area equivalent to more than 52,000 single-family homes and cause property (building and content) losses approaching $30 billion; and (8) combining earthquake early warning (ShakeAlert) with “drop, cover, and hold on” actions could prevent as many as 1,500 nonfatal injuries out of 18,000 total estimated nonfatal injuries from shaking and liquefaction hazards.

Suggested Citation

Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2018, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Engineering implications: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–I–Q, 429 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v2.

“……Engineers have known about a major defect in certain steel-frame buildings since 1994, when shaking from the Northridge earthquake in Los Angeles fractured critical joints in more than 60 buildings, bringing at least one very close to collapse. The building code was rewritten to eliminate the flawed technique.….”

1. Hartford Building, 650 California

2. Beal Bank Building, 180 Sansome

3. Bechtel Building, 50 Beale

4. 44 Montgomery

5. 425 California Street

6. 555 California Street

7. McKesson Plaza, One Post

8. Pacific Gas & Electric Building, 77 Beale

9. One Embarcadero Center, 355 Clay

10. Transamerica Pyramid, 600 Montgomery

11. 100 Pine Center, 100 Pine


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