Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Tropical cyclones’ Category

12/4/2012: Bopha, a Category 5 typhoon nicknamed “Pablo,” struck the Philippines and the flood waters destroyed entire villages and killed over 1000 people

History


What’s happening in the western Pacific and Indian Oceans……

 


Gaja across India

 


11/13/1970: An immense tidal wave and storm surge caused by a powerful cyclone kills over 200,000 people in East Pakistan (Bangladesh)

History


What’s shaping up in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans?

 


FEMA SitRep 10/29/18: Yutu and US Territories

FEMA

Safety and Security: • Saipan: 1 confirmed fatality

Food, Water, Sheltering: • Emergency boil water advisory remains in effect for all of Saipan and Tinian • Staged and stored food and water sufficient for all projected planning factors • Saipan: 50% of grocers, 62% of restaurants and 31% of retailers have re-opened • Shelters/Occupants: 13 (-2) / 874 (-66) across CNMI; all Rota shelters have closed Health and Medical: Saipan: Hospital fully operational, at capacity; planning to open a medical support shelter • San Antonio Satellite Health Clinic open Mon – Sat Tinian: Medical Center structurally compromised; damage assessments are ongoing

Energy: • 60% of gas stations open on Saipan; both gas stations on Tinian closed due to lack of power • Utility crews have begun to restore power on Saipan and Tinian o Saipan: 8 out of 9 power feeders are down; feeder to hospital was energized, 35 FEMA generator in place; o Tinian: 4 out of 4 power feeders down; power plant damaged, 80-90% damage to distribution structures; expect to return station to service within 24-48 hours o Rota: Power nearly 99% restored, planning to move crews from Rota to Tinian

Communication: • Exchange connection between islands is on generator power with 96 hour capacity • All cell towers on Saipan and Rota remain on generator power

Transportation: • Public transportation systems not operational • All sea ports open with no restrictions • Airports: o Saipan: Inbound flights limited to returning residents and humanitarian assistance;; repairs ongoing but no estimated time for completion; Mobile ATC Tower inbound Nov 1 o Tinian: Open for humanitarian relief flights only; outbound commercial flights for tourists • Major roads and most secondary roads are accessible

State/Local Response • CNMI EOC at Full Activation • Governor declared a State of Emergency; directed Guam Homeland Security/Office of Civil Defense • to lead local government efforts o Governor directed all non-critical government employees to report to work today, Oct 29, to assist in preliminary damage assessments and prepare offices to reopen o Guam Guardsmen expected to begin duty on Saipan as early as Tuesday, Oct 30

FEMA HQ/Federal Response • FEMA-3408-EM-CNMI approved Oct 23; FEMA-4404-DR-CNMI approved Oct 26 • FEMA Region IX RWC at Steady State, continues to monitor • FEMA Region IX IMAT-2 deployed to Saipan; LNOs in Guam, Rota and Tinian • FEMA Region VII IMAT deployed to CNMI (already deployed for Mangkhut) • FEMA NRCC: Effective 8:00 a.m. EDT today, Oct 29 (10:00 p.m. ChST today, Oct 29) o Response Operations Cell (ROC) will transition to day shift, and to Enhanced Watch for night shift o Shift changes, and transitions between day shift ROC operations and night shift Enhanced Watch operations will occur at 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. EDT (10:00 p.m. and 10:00 a.m. ChST) • FEMA HQ ISB team and MERS assets deployed • HHS: Federal Health Coordinating Officer, DMAT, IMT personnel and LNOs deployed; three CDC SMEs will arrive in Saipan today, Oct 29, to provide public health technical assistance • USACE: 249th Engineer BN ‘Prime Power’ deployed


FEMA-Yutu: Sunday, October 28, 2018 Sit Rep

FEMA

Communication: • Restoration of mobile services to Saipan: ( 2 resorts/hotels and 3 (+1) communities/village), Tinian: (1 community/village), Rota: (2 resorts/hotels, 1 village, and the library) • Exchange connection between islands is on generator power with 96 hour capacity • Saipan: all cell towers on generator power; fuel plan being executed • Rota: all cell towers on generator power; unable to access utility system to assess damage

Transportation: • All sea ports open with no restrictions • Airports: o Saipan: will open Oct 28 for commercial outbound passengers only; closed to incoming commercial traffic until farther notice; flight operations limited to humanitarian relief flights only o Tinian: open for humanitarian relief flights only o Rota: open • Major roads and most secondary roads are accessible and utility crews have begun to restore power on Saipan and Tinian

Safety and Security: • Saipan: 1 confirmed fatality

Food, Water, Sheltering: • Emergency boil water advisory remains in effect for all of Saipan and Tinian • Staged and stored food and water sufficient for all projected planning factors • Saipan: Commonwealth Utility Corporation provided water filling stations for residents • Saipan: 50% of grocers, 73% of restaurants and 31% of retailers have re-opened • Shelters/Occupants: 113 / 934 across CNMI; all Rota shelters have closed

Health and Medical: • Saipan: hospital fully operational, on power grid • Tinian: medical facility on generator power; emergency department open, air ambulance service operational

Energy: • 46% of gas stations re-opening on Saipan; fuel availability sufficient to meet normal purchasing needs, but heavy generator use may further deplete existing supplies • CNMI: 21 day fuel supply available based on all power generation facilities operating at normal rate; working on refueling plan • CNMI: 100% of customers without electric grid power (19k on Saipan, 1k on Tinian, 1k on Rota) Saipan: • Regular fuel shipment scheduled for October 31, but distribution may be challenging due to road debris Saipan: • Power Plant 4 should have 6 MW of generation ready at that location; CUC was completing repairs to feeder 1 and expects it to be online October 28; Power Plants 1 & 2 expected to be repaired and some units restarted within the next few days • Tinian: 4 out of 4 power feeders down; power plant damaged, 80-90% damage to distribution structures; expect to return station to service within 24-48 hours; 2-3 weeks fuel supply for generator power • Tinian: both gas stations on island are closed due to lack of power Rota: Power nearly 99% restored, and CUC planning to move crews from Rota to support Tinian

State/Local Response • CNMI EOC at Full Activation (24/7)

FEMA HQ/Federal Response • Emergency Declaration FEMA-3408-EM-CNMI approved October 23 • Expedited Major Disaster Declaration FEMA-4404-DR-CNMI approved October 26 • FEMA Region IX RWC at Steady State, continues to monitor • FEMA Region IX IMAT-2 deployed to Saipan; LNOs in Guam, Rota and Tinian • FEMA Region VII IMAT deployed to CNMI (already deployed for Mangkhut) • FEMA NRCC Response Operations Cell (ROC) activated (24/7) • FEMA HQ ISB team and MERS assets deployed • HHS: Federal Health Coordinating Officer, DMAT, and IMT deployed • USACE: 249th Engineer BN ‘Prime Power’ deployed

 


YUTU: FEMA SitRep (Oct. 26-27)

FEMA SitRep

Food, Water, Sheltering: • Emergency boil water advisory issued • Commonwealth Utility Corporation will set up water stations for residents while well systems are being repaired • 50% of grocers, 33% of restaurants and 31% of retailers have re-opened on Saipan • Shelters/Occupants: 15 (-7) / 934 (-72) across CNMI; all Rota shelters have closed

Health and Medical: • Saipan: the only hospital on the island is operational on generator power with no fuel issues, grid power may be restored October 27; both dialysis centers open, private facility re-opened October 26; Chest Clinic resumed services for half-day • Tinian: the only medical facility on the island is structurally compromised, no current patients but patient surge is expected • Patient numbers are decreasing but second wave of patients is possible once people return home and begin cleaning up the damage

Energy: • 46% of gas stations re-opening on Saipan; fuel availability sufficient to meet normal purchasing needs, but heavy generator use may further deplete existing supplies • CNMI: 21 day fuel supply available based on all power generation facilities operating at normal rate; working on refueling plan • CNMI: 100% of customers without electric grid power (19k on Saipan, 1k on Tinian, 1k on Rota) • Saipan: fuel supply for generators not a concern at this time, but distribution may be challenging due to road debris • Saipan: 9 out of 9 power feeders are down; emergency generator assessments ongoing; deploying generators from DC Guam • Tinian: 4 out of 4 power feeders down; power plant damaged, 80-90% damage to distribution structures; expect to return station to service within 24-48 hours; 2-3 weeks fuel supply for generator power • Rota: 3 out of 3 power feeders are online; unable to gain direct access to assess damage; assessment overflight scheduled today

 

Communication: • CNMI: restoration of mobile services to Saipan: ( 2 resorts/hotels and 2 communities/village), Tinian: (1 community/village), Rota: (2 resorts/hotels, 1 village, and the library) • Exchange connection between islands is on generator power with 96 hour capacity • 11 of 11 cell towers on generator power; fuel plan for communication cell towers identified

Transportation: • All sea ports open with no restrictions • Airports: o Saipan: will open Oct 28 for commercial outbound passengers only; closed to incoming commercial traffic until farther notice; flight operations limited to humanitarian relief flights only o Tinian: open for humanitarian relief flights only o Rota: open • Major roads and most secondary roads are accessible and utility crews have begun to restore power on Saipan and Tinian Hazardous Waste: • Solid Waste facility in Puerto Rico, Saipan open for green waste, metals, and white good disposal

Safety and Security: • Saipan: 1 confirmed fatality

State/Local Response • CNMI EOC at Full Activation (24/7)

FEMA HQ/Federal Response • Emergency Declaration FEMA-3408-EM-CNMI approved October 23 • Expedited Major Disaster Declaration FEMA-4404-DR-CNMI approved October 26 • FEMA Region IX RWC at Steady State, continues to monitor • FEMA Region IX IMAT-2 deployed to Saipan; LNOs in Guam, Rota and Tinian • FEMA Region VII IMAT deployed to CNMI (already deployed for Mangkhut) • FEMA NRCC Response Operations Cell (ROC) activated (24/7) • FEMA HQ ISB team and MERS assets deployed • HHS: Federal Health Coordinating Officer, DMAT, and IMT deployed • USACE: 249th Engineer BN ‘Prime Power’ deployed


Super Typhoon Yutu packed maximum sustained winds of 180 mph (290 kph) as it passed over the islands of Tinian and Saipan early Thursday.

Fox

“……FEMA has a significant amount of food and water stored on nearby Guam, which was preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut last month. The damage wasn’t as bad as expected, so more than 220,000 liters of water and 260,000 meals are still available for the Northern Marianas, a half-hour plane ride away.

Military flights from Guam started bringing supplies Friday…..

The agency is constantly communicating with local officials on transportation, communications, food and water, and energy and fuel…… FEMA made changes after Hurricane Maria, a Category 5 storm that struck Puerto Rico last year, creating task forces to tackle those areas…….”


And Yutu keeps on coming…….


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