Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category

February 4 is World Cancer Day: Global Cancer Burden

	Cancer Registries cost infographic handout CDC

Cancer Registries

Track and monitor cancer trends over time and provide vital information for allocating resources, implementing prevention, screening and treatment programs, and evaluating the impact and effectiveness of cancer programs and policies

Global Cancer Burden

In 2012 there were 14.1 million new cancer cases, which is estimated to rise 54% by 2030

  • 57% New cancer cases
  • 65% cancer deaths
  • 46% Living with cancers

Source: Globocan 2012, World Health Organization

Scarcity of Cancer Data

Percentage of population covered by high quality cancer registries

  • 95% North America
  • 8% Latin America and Caribbean
  • 2% Africa
  • 42% Europe
  • 6% Asia
  • 78% Oceania

Source: The Cancer Atlas, American Cancer Society

Factors that Affect Costs 1

Cancer registries can improve operations and efficiency

  • Size of area served
  • Data collection procedures (paper vs. electronic)
  • Volume of cases
  • Quality of Data available
  • Number of reporting sources
  • Staff turnover and training requirements
  • Cost of living
  • Organization/funding structure

Cost at the Population Level2

Spread over the population covered by the registries, registry costs per person are low

Cost per person (lowest to highest in study)

India

  • Mumbai, less than 1 cent

Uganda

  • Kampala, 1 cent

Kenya

  • Nairobi, 3 cents

Colombia

  • Barranquilla, 5 cents
  • Bucaramanga, 11 cents
  • Manizales, 13 cents
  • Cali, 18 cents
  • Pasto, 22 cents

To learn more, visit http://www.cancerepidemiology.net

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1Subramanian, Sujha et al. Developing and testing a cost data collection instrument for noncommunicable disease registry planning. Cancer Epidemiology, 2016.

2Tangka, Florence et al. Resource requirements for cancer registration in areas with limited resources: Analysis of cost data from four low- and middle-income countries. Cancer Epidemiology, 2016.


If a proposal introduced by the Health Ministry is adopted, Russia will ban the sale of cigarettes to people born in 2015 and after.

NY Times

  • Tobacco kills about six million people globally each year, according to the World Health Organization, and 300,000 to 400,000 of them are Russians.
  • About 33 percent of Russian adults use tobacco products.

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** Cancer statistics in China, 2015: China is facing 2.8 million deaths just in in 2015, with lung cancer crowning the top of the list of cancer cases.

CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians

With increasing incidence and mortality, cancer is the leading cause of death in China and is a major public health problem. Because of China’s massive population (1.37 billion), previous national incidence and mortality estimates have been limited to small samples of the population using data from the 1990s or based on a specific year. With high-quality data from an additional number of population-based registries now available through the National Central Cancer Registry of China, the authors analyzed data from 72 local, population-based cancer registries (2009-2011), representing 6.5% of the population, to estimate the number of new cases and cancer deaths for 2015. Data from 22 registries were used for trend analyses (2000-2011).

The results indicated that an estimated 4292,000 new cancer cases and 2814,000 cancer deaths would occur in China in 2015, with lung cancer being the most common incident cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. Stomach, esophageal, and liver cancers were also commonly diagnosed and were identified as leading causes of cancer death.

Residents of rural areas had significantly higher age-standardized (Segi population) incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined than urban residents (213.6 per 100,000 vs 191.5 per 100,000 for incidence; 149.0 per 100,000 vs 109.5 per 100,000 for mortality, respectively). For all cancers combined, the incidence rates were stable during 2000 through 2011 for males (+0.2% per year; P = .1), whereas they increased significantly (+2.2% per year; P < .05) among females. In contrast, the mortality rates since 2006 have decreased significantly for both males (−1.4% per year; P < .05) and females (−1.1% per year; P < .05). Many of the estimated cancer cases and deaths can be prevented through reducing the prevalence of risk factors, while increasing the effectiveness of clinical care delivery, particularly for those living in rural areas and in disadvantaged populations. CA Cancer J Clin 2016. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

 


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