Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Fires/Wildfires’ Category

10/12/1918: The 1918 Moose Lake/Cloquet fire rages through Minnesota, killing hundreds of people and leaving thousands homeles

LA Wildfires: 2 dead and 100000 evacuated

New: The Saddleridge Fire

Powerful Storm with Significant Hazards In The West and Plains; Coastal Storm For Parts of Northeast/New England

FNUS21 KWNS 100643

Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0143 AM CDT Thu Oct 10 2019

Valid 101200Z – 111200Z


A strong upper-level trough will continue moving eastward from the
Intermountain West to out over the Plains today. An associated
surface cold front will push through much of the Southwest and deep
into Texas by late tonight. Surface high pressure will broaden over
the interior western CONUS with the surface pressure gradient
remaining strong through much of today across northern California
and strengthening across southern California through tonight. This
will result in strong offshore/downslope winds across much of

…southern California…
Extremely critical conditions will develop across portions of Los
Angeles and Ventura Counties and into southwest San Bernardino
County today. Critical conditions will begin early this morning with
extremely critical conditions likely starting late morning. With
strong surface high pressure moving into the Great Basin, the
Tonopah/LAX pressure gradient will increase above 10 mb and could
exceed 15 mb today. This will result in northeast-east sustained
winds of 20-40 mph across southern California with gusts of 60 mph
in terrain favored locations.

A dry, post-frontal airmass is in place and downslope/offshore winds
will further lower dewpoints resulting in minimum RH values of 5-15%
across southern California. Fuels remain dry with cured fine fuels
and ERCs/100-hour dead fuel moisture values approaching or at
90th/10th percentiles. While critical, if not extremely critical
winds/RH are expected in southeast California/southwest Arizona,
lack of fuels precludes an upgrade over elevated.

…northern California…
Critical conditions will continue into the evening across portions
of the higher terrain around/north of the Bay Area, Sacramento
Valley, and western slopes/foothills of the Sierra Nevada. The
surface pressure gradient will remain strong, 10-17 mb from
Winnemucca to OAK, into the evening resulting in strong
offshore/downslope winds (north-northeast sustained winds of 15-30
mph with gusts of 35-55 mph). Even though the surface pressure
gradient is expected to weaken this evening/tonight, elevated to
locally critical conditions may continue tonight across the higher

A dry airmass remains in place, with some stations in northern
California reporting sub zero dewpoints leading to single digit RH
values. Overall, RH values of 5-20% are expected across the region
today. Fuels are receptive with ERC/100-hour dead fuel moisture
values above/below the 90th/10th percentiles around the Bay Area and
ERCs around the 80th percentile in the Sierra Nevada

PG&E estimates around 800,000 customers will lose power so as to minimize risk of wildfires


“…….A list of the local cities and counties in the Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto area that will have their power shut off Wednesday, according to PG&E Tuesday afternoon……..


Amador (16,041 customers) — Pioneer, Jackson, Sutter Creek, Pine Grove, Plymouth, Volcano, Fiddletown, River Pines, Amador City, Drytown, Martell, Ione, West Point.

Calaveras (23,708 customers) — Arnold, Angels Camp, Copperopolis, Murphys, San Andreas, West Point, Mountain Ranch, Mokelumne Hill, Rail Road Flat, Vallecito, Wilseyville, Hathaway Pines, Avery Glencoe, Douglas Flat, Sheep Ranch, White Pines, Dorrington, Camp Connell, Tamarack, Altaville, Valley Springs, Farmington

Colusa (1,813 customers) — Arbuckle, Stonyford, Williams, Sites, Maxwell

El Dorado (51,396 customers) — Placerville, El Dorado Hills, Pollock Pines, Cameron Park, Camino, Rescue, El Dorado, Somerset, Cool, Shingle Springs, Georgetown, Garden Valley, Diamond Springs, Pilot Hill, Grizzly Flats, Twin Bridges, Greenwood, Kyburz, Lotus, Kelsey, Mount Aukum, Coloma, Pacific House, Fair Play, Omo Ranch, Silver Fork, Aukum, Strawberry, Pioneer

Nevada (43,217 customers) — Grass Valley, Nevada City, Penn Valey, Rough and Ready, Soda Springs, North San Juan, Washington, Norden, Chicago Park, Cedar Ridge, Truckee, Kingvale

Placer (51,641 customers) — Auburn, Lincoln, Loomis, Colfax, Newcastle, Foresthill, Granite Bay, Meadow Vista, Penryn, Rocklin, Applegate, Alta, Dutch Flat, Emigrant Gap, Weimar, Gold Run, Baxter, Roseville, Sheridan, Christian Valley, Cool, Pilot Hill, Soda Springs, Norden, Georgetown, Greenwood

Plumas (803 customers) — La Porte, Quincy, Belden, Storrie, Twain, Bucks Lake, Tobin

San Joaquin (52 customers) — Vernalis, Tracy, Stockton, Farmington

Sierra (1,165 customers) — Sierra City, Downieville, Alleghany, Goodyears Bar, Pike City, Camptonville

Solano (32,863 customers) — Fairfield, Vacaville, Suisun City, Vallejo, Dixon

Stanislaus (1,088 customers) — Westley, Grayson, Patterson, Oakdale, Knights Ferry, La Grange, Modesto, Riverbank

Tuolumne (34,413 customers) — Sonora, Groveland, Twain Harte, Jamestown, Tuolumne, Mi Wuk Village, Pinecrest, Columbia, Soulsbyville, Long Barn, Strawberry, Chinese Camp, Cold Springs, Moccasin, Big Oak Flat, Sierra Village, La Grange, Coulterville, Sugar Pine

Yolo (5,792 customers) — Winters, Esparto, Guinda, Capay, Brooks, Madison, Rumsey, West Sacramento

Yuba (6,919 customers) — Marysville, Browns Valley, Oregon House, Wheatland, Dobbins, Camptonville, Smartville, Challenge, Rackerby, Strawberry Valley, Loma Rica, Forbestown, Clipper Mills, Bangor, La Porte, North San Juan….”

The most devastating fire in United States history burns in Peshtigo, Wisconsin on October 8, 1871. Some 1,200 people lost their lives and 2 billion trees were consumed by flames.



October 8, 187: The Great Chicago Fire, a two-day blaze that kills between 200 and 300 people, destroys 17,450 buildings, leaves 100,000 homeless and causes an estimated $200 million (in 1871 dollars; $3 billion in 2007 dollars) in damages.



Hundreds of firefighters in Colorado are battling a 6,000-acre wildfire that threatens communities near Salida, a city located 142 miles south of Denver.

Geographic Area: Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center
Decker CO-RGF-001388 Type: WF Start: 09/08/2019 1216 MDT Cause: L
Overhead Team Name: Mark Giacoletto ICT1
Jay Esperance ICT 1 (T) Type: Type 1 Team Priority (Local): Priority (GACC): 1
Size: 5921 Acres % Cnt/MMA: 5 % Anticip. Contain: Latitude: 38o 24′ 34″ Longitude: 106o 0′ 14″
Location: 2 miles south of Salida, Colorado in the Sangre de Cristo Wilderness $$ Costs to-Date: $4,200,000.00
Structures Threatened: 110 Structures Destroyed: 2
Resources Committed: Total Personnel: 806 Report Date: Oct 05, 2019 1703 MDT
Agency Hand Crew (Type 1) Hand Crew (Type 2) Helicopter (Type 1) Helicopter (Type 2) Helicopter (Type 3) Engines Overhead
Significant Events: The flank of the fire with the most possibility is currently shelter from the high winds today
associated with the red flag warning. Potential still exists for alignment for large fire growth.
Remarks: Block 7: 5921total acres: PSICC 3400, RGF 2320 BLM Royal Gorge 29, BLM San Luis 4 ac., Private, Chaffee
CNTY 62, Fremont CNTY 106, Saguache 0.
Planned Actions: Continue direct line construction and prep of indirect line. Continue with structure protection of
threatened structures. Assist utility companies with access to assess damage and refuel generators.

At least one person died in a fire that broke out at the overcrowded Moria refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesbos on Sunday, leading to rioting among its inhabitants and clashes with police.


Hundreds of wildfires burning across Indonesia


“…..Hundreds of wildfires burned across Indonesian Borneo and Sumatra on Tuesday, producing thick clouds of smoke that disrupted air travel, forced schools to close and sickened many thousands of people. Poorly equipped firefighters were unable to bring them under control.

Officials said that about 80 percent of the fires were set intentionally to make room for palm plantations, a lucrative cash crop that has led to deforestation on much of Sumatra…..”


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