Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Civil unrest’ Category

April 7, 1994: The Rwanda Genocide begins

History Channel

“….Rwandan armed forces kill 10 Belgian peacekeeping officers in a successful effort to discourage international intervention in their genocide that had begun only hours earlier. In less than three months, Hutu extremists who controlled Rwanda murdered an estimated 800,000 innocent civilian Tutsis in the worst episode of genocide since World War II. The Tutsis, a minority group that made up about 10 percent of Rwanda’s population, received no assistance from the international community, although the United Nations later conceded that a mere 5,000 soldiers deployed at the outset would have stopped the wholesale slaughter.….”


Thousands of people have fled their homes following two days of violence in a deepening crisis in the state of Rakhine in Myanmar.


“…..Fighting erupted when Rohingya fighters attacked 30 police stations on Friday and clashes continued on Saturday……”


Myanmar: More than 70 people were killed on Friday in clashes between militants and security forces in Rakhine State.

NY Times

  • “…The dead included at least 12 members of the security forces and at least 59 Rohingya insurgents…”

Burma News

  • “…..The national commission, led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan…. pressed the government to take “urgent and sustained action”, including improving the low socio-economic development in Rakhine State, resolving citizenship status and accelerating the national verification process and ensuring the freedom of movement for all people….”


A slow death in Yemen: War, malnutrition, cholera and no end in sight

NY Times


The Newark Riots, 7/12/1967-7/17/1967: 26 were killed — many of them black residents, as well as a white firefighter and a white police detective — and more than 700 were injured, causing about $10 million in damages and reducing entire blocks to charred ruins.

NY Times

June 4, 1989: Chinese army troops stormed Tiananmen Square in Beijing to crush the pro-democracy movement; hundreds – possibly thousands – of people died.

At least 13 people were killed in one day in the capital of Caracas.



More than 100 people, including 68 children, the vast majority being families evacuating from two Shiite villages, were killed in a suicide attack on Saturday in rebel-held northwestern Syria.



Syria: Witnesses to the attack said it began just after sunrise. Numerous photographs and graphic videos posted online by activists and residents showed children and older adults gasping and struggling to breathe, or lying motionless in the mud as rescue workers ripped off victims’ clothes and hosed them down. The bodies of least 10 children lay lined up on the ground or under a quilt.

NY TImes

“…..Rescue workers from the White Helmets civil defense organization said that many children were among at least 50 dead and 250 wounded. Radi Saad, who writes incident reports for the group, said that volunteers had reached the site not knowing a chemical was present, and that five of them had suffered from exposure to the substance…..”

Gaza: Gazans are rebuilding after living through wars, but after so many years of isolation, residents of Gaza find themselves ever further from Palestinians in the West Bank, their future clouded by rising doubts that they could ever unite and work toward a lasting peace.

NY Times

  • Two million tons of rubble have been cleared
  • Two-thirds of the 160,000 damaged homes have been rebuilt
  • Half of the 11,000 homes that were destroyed have been rebuilt
  • Roads are better, travel faster.
  • The first real mall, with a food court and 12 escalators
  • Unemployment is high, especially among the many young people graduating from college.
  • 50,000 people remain displaced.
  • Electricity and water supplies are still near crisis levels.
  • Tunnel building goes on


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