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UN: World population to hit 9.8 billion by 2050

UN

21 June 2017 – The world population is now nearly 7.6 billion, up from 7.4 billion in 2015, spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries – despite an overall drop in the number of children people have around the globe – the United Nations today reported.

The concentration of global population growth is in the poorest countries, according to World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, presenting a challenge as the international community seeks to implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which seeks to end poverty and preserve the planet.

“With roughly 83 million people being added to the world’s population every year, the upward trend in population size is expected to continue, even assuming that fertility levels will continue to decline,” said the report’s authors at the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

At this rate, the world population is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and surpass 11.2 billion in 2100.

The growth is expected to come, in part, from the 47 least developed countries, where the fertility rate is around 4.3 births per woman, and whose population is expected to reach 1.9 billion people in 2050 from the current estimate of one billion.

In addition, the populations in 26 African countries are likely to “at least double” by 2050, according to the report.

That trend comes despite lower fertility rates in nearly all regions of the world, including in Africa, where rates fell from 5.1 births per woman from 2000-2005 to 4.7 births from 2010-2015.

In contrast, the birth rate in Europe was 1.6 births per woman in 2010-2015, up from 1.4 births in 2010-2015.  “During 2010-2015, fertility was below the replacement level in 83 countries comprising 46 per cent of the world’s population,” according to the report.  The lower fertility rates are resulting in an ageing population, with the number of people aged 60 or over expected to more than double by 2050 and triple by 2100, from the current 962 million to 3.1 billion.  Africa, which has the youngest age distribution of any region, is projected to experience a rapid ageing of its population, the report noted.

“Although the African population will remain relatively young for several more decades, the percentage of its population aged 60 or over is expected to rise from five per cent in 2017 to around nine per cent in 2050, and then to nearly 20 per cent by the end of the century,” the authors wrote.

In terms of other population trends depicted in the report, the population of India, which currently ranks as the second most populous country with 1.3 billion inhabitants, will surpass China’s 1.4 billion citizens, by 2024.

By 2050, the third most populous country will be Nigeria, which currently ranks seventh, and which is poised to replace the United States.

The report also noted the impacts of the flows of migrants and refugees between countries, in particular noting the impact of the Syrian refugee crisis and the estimated outflow of 4.2 million people in 2010-2015.

In terms of migration, “although international migration at or around current levels will be insufficient to compensate fully for the expected loss of population tied to low levels of fertility, especially in the European region, the movement of people between countries can help attenuate some of the adverse consequences of population ageing,” the authors wrote.


UNHCR Figures at a Glance

Figures ata glance


Introducing Haiti’s cholera plight “into the minds and hearts of people of power and influence, and people who wish to do good in key places.”

Miami Herald

“…building a consortium to finance long-term water and sanitation needs in Haiti….”

“….The United Nations announced the long-term project last month as part of a new approach to eliminating the water-borne disease in Haiti. The proposal is part of a $400 million package then-U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon laid out after delivering a long sought after apology to the people of Haiti for the U.N.’s role in introducing the deadly disease in Haiti with the arrival of Nepalese peacekeepers nearly seven years ago. Since then, the disease has killed more than 9,400 Haitians and infected more than 802,000 people….”

 


For the first time since a cholera epidemic believed to be imported by United Nations peacekeepers began killing thousands of Haitians nearly six years ago, the office of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has acknowledged that the United Nations played a role in the initial outbreak and that a “significant new set of U.N. actions” will be needed to respond to the crisis.

NY Times

“…..The first victims lived near a base housing 454 United Nations peacekeepers freshly arrived from Nepal, where a cholera outbreak was underway, and waste from the base often leaked into the river. …….”

 

 


“At a minimum, the U.N. requires a full-fledged cease-fire or weekly 48-hour humanitarian pauses to reach the millions of people in need throughout Aleppo and replenish the food and medicine stocks, which are running dangerously low.”

NY Times

“….Two million people in the contested Syrian city of Aleppo lack access to running water because of escalated fighting…”

 


South Sudan: At Juba’s sprawling displacement camp on the outskirts of the capital, women risk starvation and/or sexual assault.

NY Times

 


UNICEF: The number of children who do not attend school is rising, child marriage has not dropped in decades and millions of young children will die mostly preventable deaths by 2030 if global poverty is not addressed

Reuters

Alt


** UN: More than 200 million girls and women globally have suffered genital mutilation, far higher than previously estimated.

Reuters

**  “…..half of girls and women who have been cut live in just three countries – Egypt, Ethiopia and Indonesia…..”

 


U.N. report: International peacekeepers in Central African Republic implicated in the alleged abuse of children between December 2013 and June 2014

REUTERS

**  The U.N. has come under fire for its handling of the allegations

**  The implicated peacekeepers were not under United Nations command at the time

**  The three-member review panel harshly criticized the way the U.N. and its agencies dealt with the alleged abuse, calling it “seriously flawed” and a “gross institutional failure.”

**  3 senior U.N. officials had abused their authority by failing to take action.

Date: 02/15/2012 Description: Map of the Central African Republic © CIA World Factbook


The United Nations General Assembly’s human rights committee on Thursday adopted a resolution condemning North Korea’s bleak human rights situation and encouraging the Security Council to refer the North to the International Criminal Court.

NY Times

Korea and the Yellow Sea

 


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