Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Earthquake’ Category

7/28/1976: At 3:42 a.m., an earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 magnitude on the Richter scale flattens Tangshan, China killing an estimated 242,000 people.

HxC


Eight people were killed after back-to-back earthquakes (5.9M/4.5M) struck the northern Philippines Saturday

CBS

Magnitude Mw 5.7
Region BATAN ISL REGION, PHILIPPINES
Date time 2019-07-27 01:24:43.4 UTC
Location 20.77 N ; 122.09 E
Depth 2 km
Distances 275 km SE of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Province of China / pop: 1,520,000 / local time: 09:24:43.4 2019-07-27
195 km SE of Hengchun, Taiwan, Province of China / pop: 31,300 / local time: 09:24:43.4 2019-07-27
Global view


The 7/19/19 earthquake in Greece

ECDM_20190723_Greece_EQ.png


7/21/365: a powerful earthquake off the coast of Greece causes a tsunami that devastates the city of Alexandria, Egypt and the surrounding area killing 50000, destroying 50,000 buildings, and poisoning the fertile land with salt water for decades.

HxC


A 5.3M earthquake hit Friday near Athens, Greece

EMSC

Magnitude Mw 5.3
Region GREECE
Date time 2019-07-19 11:13:14.9 UTC
Location 38.12 N ; 23.52 E
Depth 13 km
Distances 23 km NW of Athens, Greece / pop: 730,000 / local time: 14:13:14.9 2019-07-19
4 km N of Magoúla, Greece / pop: 4,300 / local time: 14:13:14.9 2019-07-19
Global view


“The two powerful earthquakes that rocked the Mojave Desert this month were part of a swarm of thousands of other earthquakes, many too weak to be felt, that continue to hit the area every few minutes…..”

NYT

“….The 6.4-magnitude earthquake on July 4 was a precursor, or foreshock, to the much larger 7.1-magnitude quake the next evening, which released about 11 times more energy than the first…..”


7/16/1990: More than 1,000 people are killed when a 7.7-magnitude earthquake strikes Luzon Island in the Philippines.

HxC


NASA: How California Earthquakes Moved The Earth

NPR

“……The map was created by the Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It shows rippling rainbows forming a circular pattern around the faults of the two quakes.

Each rainbow stripes means that the ground has been displaced there by some 4.8 inches…..”

 


California: When will The Big One come?

CNN

DYFI intensity map

Tectonic Summary

The July 6th, 2019, 03:19 UTC (July 5th 20:19 locally) Mw 7.1 earthquake in eastern California, southwest of Searles Valley, occurred as the result of shallow strike slip faulting in the crust of the North America plate. Focal mechanism solutions for the earthquake indicate rupture occurred on a steeply dipping fault as the result of either right lateral slip on a plane striking NW-SE, or as left lateral slip on a plane striking SW-NE. At the location of this earthquake, approximately 150 km northeast of San Andreas Fault – the major plate boundary in the region – the Pacific plate moves to the northwest with respect to the North America plate at a rate of approximately 48 mm/yr. The location of the earthquake falls within the Eastern California shear zone, a region of distributed faulting associated with motion across the Pacific:North America plate boundary, and an area of high seismic hazard. More detailed studies will be required to precisely identify the causative fault associated with this event, though seismic activity over the past 2 days has been occurring on two conjugate fault structures in the Airport Lake Fault Zone.

This earthquake occurs approximately 34 hours after and 11 km northwest of a M 6.4 event in the same region, on July 4th, 2019, at 17:33 UTC. The July 4th event was preceded by a short series of small foreshocks (including a M4.0 earthquake 30 minutes prior), and was followed by a robust sequence of aftershocks, including almost 250 M 2.5+ earthquakes (up until the M 7.1 event). Those events aligned with both nodal planes (NE-SW and NW-SE) of the focal mechanism solution of the M 6.4 event, which was very similar in faulting style to today’s M 7.1 earthquake. The sequence includes two other M5+ earthquakes, one of which occurred 20 seconds before the M 7.1 event. The M 7.1 earthquake occurred at the NW extension of the prior sequence.

While commonly plotted as points on maps, earthquakes of this size are more appropriately described as slip over a larger fault area. Strike-slip-faulting events of the size of the July 6, 2019, earthquake are typically about 70×15 km (length x width).

This region of eastern California has hosted numerous moderate sized earthquakes. Over the past 40 years, prior to the July 4th event, 8 other M5+ earthquakes have occurred within 50 km of the July 6th, 2019 earthquake. The largest of these was a M 5.8 event on September 20, 1995, just 3 km to the west of today’s event, which was felt strongly in the China Lake-Ridgecrest area, and more broadly from Los Angeles to Las Vegas.


6/21/1990: A 7.7M earthquake near the Caspian Sea in Iran kills an estimated 50,000 and injures another 135,000 people

HxC


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