Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Kids-Infants’ Category

A new vaccine against rotavirus (kills about 600 children a day) worked well in a large trial in Africa and appears to be a practical way to protect millions of children.

NY Times

  • The vaccine is expected to be as cheap as or cheaper than current alternatives.
  • It can last for months without refrigeration, which makes it far easier to use in remote villages with no electricity
  • It must be approved by the World Health Organization before it can be widely distributed
  • About 215,000 children under 5 die each year of rotavirus, almost half of them in just four countries: India, Pakistan, Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo


Tourism vs. Child Protection: A Compilation of Good Practices

15 Years of the UNWTO World Tourism Network on Child Protection: A Compilation of Good Practices

Copyright © 2014, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
15 Years of the UNWTO World Tourism Network on Child Protection: A Compilation of Good Practices
Published by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) First printing: February 2014 All rights reserved.

 


March 18, 1937: Nearly 300 students in Texas are killed by an explosion of natural gas at The Consolidated School of New London, Texas.


More than 3,300 children were hospitalized in Egypt on Tuesday after an outbreak of food poisoning at several state-run primary schools

NY Times

“…..A total of 3,353 children became ill, and at least 50 ambulances were sent to the schools, state news media said. Since then, all but 17 of the students have recovered and been discharged. No deaths or serious complications were reported…..”

 


World Tourism Network on Child Protection

World Tourism Network on Child Protection

The World Tourism Network on Child Protection (formerly the Task Force for the Protection of Children in Tourism) is an open-ended network featuring the multi-stakeholder participation of a range of tourism stakeholders, from governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to tourism industry groups and media associations. Originally formed in 1997, since 2007 its mandate has been to prevent all forms of youth exploitation in the tourism sector (i.e. sexual exploitation, child labour and child trafficking). ….

The activities of the World Tourism Network on Child Protection are co-ordinated by the UNWTO Secretariat and monitored by an Executive Committee established in November 2000.

Mission Statement and Objectives

Under the guiding principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, the mission of the World Tourism Network on Child Protection is to support efforts to protect children from all forms of exploitation in tourism. Although its main focus is the protection of minors against sexual exploitation, it encompasses the issues of child labour and the trafficking of minors. Its principle objectives are:

  • to raise awareness among the tourism sector, governments and tourists;
  • to encourage the tourism industry to engage in ethical practices, particularly by adopting professional codes of conduct and other self-regulatory measures;
  • to invite governments to take administrative and legal measures, such as the designation of focal points (contact persons) within their national tourism administrations, the establishment of emergency hotlines, the strengthening of national legislation and the improvement of law enforcement;
  • to encourage cooperation between the public and private sectors, as well as between tourist generating and receiving countries; and
  • to monitor the fight against the sexual exploitation of children in tourism networks at both the national and international levels.

History of the World Tourism Network on Child Protection

The World Tourism Network on Child Protection  was established as a “Task Force” by the World Tourism Organization in March 1997 at the ITB Berlin Tourism Fair in Germany, as a follow-up to the Stockholm Congress against the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (1996). Two months later, the Task Force launched the international campaign “NO Child Sex Tourism” to combat the commercial sexual abuse of children in tourism by raising awareness of this unacceptable phenomenon. The logo for this campaign was provided by the Brazilian Tourist Board EMBRATUR. First presented to the media in Chantilly, France, during the “Salon mondial du tourisme” fair.

During its first phase (1997-2007), the focus of the body was the prevention of sexual exploitation of children in tourism. In March 2007, at the 20th Task Force meeting held in Berlin, Germany, its mandate was extended to cover all forms of exploitation of minors in tourism, including child labour and child trafficking. The name of the Task Force was changed to “World Tourism Network on Child Protection” in 2011.

  • October 1995 – Member States of the World Tourism Organization take a stand against the sexual exploitation of children in tourism by unanimously adopting the Statement on the Prevention of Organized Sex Tourism at the General Assembly in Cairo, Egypt.
  • August 1996 – The Stockholm Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children introduces its Agenda for Action, which urged all participants to:
    • mobilize the business sector, including the tourism industry, against the use of its networks and establishments for the commercial sexual exploitation of children; and
    • promote better co-operation and encourage the establishment of national and international coalition to this effect.
  • At the Congress, as many as 122 countries agreed to undertake measures to curb the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Several tourism industry associations (IATA; IFTO, IH&RA, UFTAA, etc.), also issued policy documents explicitly addressing this topic.

Yemen: UNICEF vaccination campaign reaches five million children

UN

“….In the first campaign of its kind this year, 40,000 vaccinators spread across Yemen to provide children with polio vaccine and vitamin A supplements. Mobile health teams have reached children wherever they are, including in places where access to health services has been cut off by the fighting. Health workers have shown heroic resolve in crossing frontlines, mountains and valleys to vaccinate children…..”

A little boy is vaccinated against polio in Sa’ada, Yemen. (file) Photo: UNICEF/UN026952/Madhok

 


TARGETED ATTACKS ON MEDICAL FACILITIES AND STAFF IN AFGHANISTAN LEAD TO DEATH AND DISEASE AMONG CHILDREN

For Immediate Release ***To view report: http://watchlist.org/about/report/afghanistan/ ***Link to live press conference March 6, 2017, 10:00am EST: http://www.un.org/webcast/ TARGETED ATTACKS ON MEDICAL FACILITIES AND STAFF IN AFGHANISTAN LEAD TO DEATH AND DISEASE AMONG CHILDREN

New Report Calls for Afghan Government Forces to be Cited as Responsible for Attacks for First Time

NEW YORK, March 6, 2017 – Afghan government forces, the Taliban and other parties to the country’s conflict have repeatedly targeted medical facilities and staff, negatively impacting children’s health, Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict said in a new report today. For the first time, Watchlist called on the UN Secretary General to list the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) as one of the parties responsible for these attacks. Watchlist’s 27-page report, which focuses on 2015 and 2016, details how parties to the conflict, through more than 240 attacks, have temporarily or permanently closed medical facilities throughout Afghanistan, damaged or destroyed facilities, looted medical supplies, stolen ambulances, and threatened, intimidated, extorted, detained and killed medical personnel. They have restricted and sometimes blocked access to health care and used medical facilities for military purposes, which is in violation of international humanitarian law. While the Taliban and other anti-government groups were responsible for the majority of attacks, the ANDSF carried out at least 35 attacks on medical facilities and personnel between 2015 and 2016. “Targeted attacks on medical facilities have decimated Afghanistan’s fragile health system, preventing many civilians from accessing lifesaving care,” said Christine Monaghan, research officer at Watchlist who traveled to Afghanistan in November 2016 and wrote the report. “Children suffer as a result — we are seeing more deaths, injuries and the spread of disease.”

Attacks on hospitals have compounded challenges to children’s health, already exacerbated by two years of escalating armed conflict, according to the report. In Afghanistan, 4.6 million people, including more than 2.3 million children, are in critical need of health care, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). More than 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition, an increase of more than 40 percent since the beginning of the reporting period in January 2015, according to WHO. Communicable diseases are also up; WHO reported 169 measles outbreaks in 2015, an increase of 141 percent from 2014. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) furthermore reported that child casualties increased by 24 percent from 2015 to 2016.

Watchlist’s report includes stories from individuals impacted by the damaged health care system. One father discussed how his 15-year-old son lost both feet after stepping on a mine. He could not get proper care in Kunduz City, where the only trauma center had been bombed and many medical professionals had been killed or had fled. He eventually took a taxi to Kabul, more than 200 miles away, where he was told his son needed to get treatment earlier. “Now, both of his legs must get cut off from just below the waist, because the bones are ruined and he has a serious infection,” the father told Watchlist. “For a week he was OK, but then from the infection he went into a coma. Ten days later, he died in the hospital.”

The report calls on all parties to immediately stop attacks on medical facilities and personnel, which are protected during times of conflict under international humanitarian and human rights laws. It calls on the UN Secretary-General to list the ANDSF in its 2017 annual report on children and armed conflict, which is expected to come out before the summer. While previous UN reports included incidents by Afghan forces, the SecretaryGeneral only listed the Taliban in his annual report as responsible for attacks on hospitals. Watchlist also recommends the Afghan government establish an independent and permanent body to investigate these attacks.

About the report “Every Clinic is Now on the Frontline” The Impact on Children of Attacks on Health Care in Afghanistan Watchlist conducted a research trip in Afghanistan in November and December 2016 and interviewed more than 80 people, including humanitarian actors, health workers, health “shura” members, and patients.

Watchlist visited five hospitals and focused its research on four provinces: Helmand, Kunduz, Nangarhar and Maidan Wardak. To read the report: http://watchlist.org/about/report/afghanistan/ About Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict is a New York-based global coalition that serves to end violations against children in armed conflict and to guarantee their rights.

For more information: http://watchlist.org/ Press Contacts: Vesna Jaksic Lowe vesnajaksic@gmail.com + 1 917.374.2273 Bonnie Berry bonnie@watchlist.org +1 212.972.0695


WHO: Don’t pollute my future! The impact of the environment on children’s health

WHO

Don’t pollute my future! The impact of the environment on children’s health

Cover: Don’t pollute my future! The impact of the environment on children’s health

Background

In 2015, 5.9 million children under age five died. The major causes of child deaths globally are pneumonia, prematurity, intrapartum-related complications, neonatal sepsis, congenital anomalies, diarrhoea, injuries and malaria. Most of these diseases and conditions are at least partially caused by the environment. It was estimated in 2012 that 26% of childhood deaths and 25% of the total disease burden in children under five could be prevented through the reduction of environmental risks such as air pollution, unsafe water, sanitation and inadequate hygiene or chemicals.

Children are especially vulnerable to environmental threats due to their developing organs and immune systems, smaller bodies and airways. Harmful exposures can start as early as in utero. Furthermore, breastfeeding can be an important source of exposure to certain chemicals in infants; this should, however, not discourage breastfeeding which carries numerous positive health and developmental effects (4). Proportionate to their size, children ingest more food, drink more water and breathe more air than adults. Additionally, certain modes of behaviour, such as putting hands and objects into the mouth and playing outdoors can increase children’s exposure to environmental contaminants.

 


WHO: Inheriting a sustainable world: Atlas on children’s health and the environment

WHO

Overview

More than a decade after WHO published Inheriting the world: The atlas of children’s health and the environment in 2004, this new publication presents the continuing and emerging challenges to children’s environmental health.

This new edition is not simply an update but a more detailed review; we take into account changes in the major environmental hazards to children’s health over the last 13 years, due to increasing urbanization, industrialization, globalization and climate change, as well as efforts in the health sector to reduce children’s environmental exposures. Inheriting a sustainable world? Atlas on children’s health and the environment aligns with the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, launched in 2015, in stressing that every child deserves the opportunity to thrive, in safe and healthy settings.

This book seeks to promote the importance of creating sustainable environments and reducing the exposure of children to modifiable environmental hazards. The wide scope of the SDGs offers a framework within which to work and improve the lives of all children. To this end, we encourage further data collection and tracking of progress on the SDGs, to show the current range of global environmental hazards to children’s health and identify necessary action to ensure that no one is left behind.


Environmental pollution kills more than 1 in 4 children under the age of five every year – that’s 1.7 million children worldwide.

VOA

“…..air pollution is the biggest killer and is responsible for 6.5 million premature deaths every year, including nearly 600,000 deaths among children under age five……”

 


Categories

Recent Posts

Archives

Admin