Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Terrorism’ Category

A truck bomb attack on a bus carrying members of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, killed 27 Guards and wounded 13

NPR


Two bombs tore through a Roman Catholic cathedral in southern Philippines on Sunday, killing at least 20 and wounding another 56.

CNN


Colombia: A car bomb exploded in front of a Bogotá police academy Thursday morning, killing at least 21 people and wounding another 68.

NYT


Nairobi: The attack


Al-Shabaab claims responsibility for the concluded Nairobi attack that killed 14

CNN

“……[The attack] happened three years to the day after Al-Shabaab militants targeted a Kenyan military base in neighboring Somalia, killing dozens of soldiers.

And in 2013, Al-Shabaab militants targeted the luxury shopping center of Westgate, killing 67 people in a siege that lasted several days……”

Nairobi: An explosion tore through a bank in the compound at about 3 p.m. local time, then a suicide bomb detonated in the lobby of the nearby DusitD2 hotel, before attackers entered the hotel, killing at least 15.

NPR

 

 


Tokyo: A small van has ploughed into pedestrians celebrating the New Year in the Harajuku fashion district injuring 8, 1 seriously.

BBC

“…..Police told broadcaster NHK that he initially told then he had conducted a terrorist act, but then later claimed it was related to executions. It was not clear if he was referring to a specific execution or capital punishment in general.

NHK footage showed the van with a smashed front and paramedics carrying the injured on stretchers into ambulances.

One male university student is in critical condition in hospital…..”


British counter-terrorism police have launched an investigation after a man stabbed three people, including a police officer, during New Year’s Eve celebrations in Manchester, England.

CNN

 


Trends in the Draw of Americans to Foreign Terrorist Organizations from 9/11 to Today

RAND

Williams, Heather J., Nathan Chandler, and Eric Robinson, Trends in the Draw of Americans to Foreign Terrorist Organizations from 9/11 to Today. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2018. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2545.html. Also available in print form.

“……..Key Findings

Terrorist Recruits in the Present Day

  • The historic stereotype of a Muslim, Arab, immigrant male as the most vulnerable to extremism is not representative of many terrorist recruits today.
  • Recruits are more likely to be Caucasian/white or African American/black, and to have been born in the United States.
  • Recruits are more likely to be younger and less educated.
  • Recruits are more likely to have converted to Islam as part of their radicalization process.
  • Although they are still primarily male, recruits are increasingly likely to be female.
  • Perhaps most important, recruits are at present more likely to be drawn to or influenced by ISIL rather than al Qaeda or its affiliates during their process of radicalization and journey to terrorism.

Recommendations

  • A more thorough inquiry into this topic would benefit from the cooperation of law enforcement, and particularly the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which may be aware of additional cases that should be included and may have additional information regarding recruits’ conversion to Islam, educational background, and past criminal history. A research project done in collaboration with law enforcement could also gauge whether some of the increases or decreases in arrests could reflect a change in the posture or priorities of law enforcement.
  • A more precise inquiry into how FTOs inspire terrorist actions would also consider the date when an individual began radicalizing, or at least when a law enforcement investigation was opened; ideally, it would probe the sequencing of the radicalization process of individuals in fine biographical detail. Incorporating these dates and data points would better reflect events that inspired an individual to conduct a terrorist act.
  • Research efforts should consider whether to include the entire population of domestic terrorists inside the United States (e.g., individuals connected to white supremacists, sovereign citizens, militant environmentalists, revolutionary organizations, etc.). Doing so would require careful attention to definitions and coding criteria, as there is no universally set definition of terrorism.
  • Focusing more on the motivation of actors — and resisting the temptation to label an attack as terrorism simply because the individual involved may have been Muslim or had a Middle Eastern background — could help us better understand, and therefore combat, the threat of terrorism in the United States……..”

The bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland took place on 12/21/1988, killing 270 souls.

History

 


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