Global & Disaster Medicine

Archive for the ‘Leprosy’ Category

Mumbai: 362 new leprosy cases were reported between April and December 2018 while 326 cases were found between April 2017 and March 2018.

Hindustan Times

“…..In 2005, the Indian government declared the elimination of leprosy from the country because the number of cases had come down to less than one per 1,000 people. However, in the intervening years, new cases have been detected regularly and the Union health ministry’s deadline to eliminate the disease has been on a continuous shift.….”

WHO Key facts

  • Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by a bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae.
  • M. leprae multiplies slowly and the incubation period of the disease, on average, is 5 years. In some cases, symptoms may occur within 1 year but can also take as long as 20 years to occur.
  • The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, and also the eyes.
  • Leprosy is curable with multidrug therapy (MDT).
  • Leprosy is transmitted via droplets, from the nose and mouth, during close and frequent contacts with untreated cases.
  • Untreated, leprosy can cause progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs, and eyes.
  • There were 216 108 new leprosy cases registered globally in 2016, according to official figures from 145 countries from the 6 WHO Regions.
  • Based on 173 358 cases at the end of 2016, prevalence rate corresponds to 0.29/10,000.

 


World Leprosy Day: Sunday, January 28, 2018 (the number of newly diagnosed leprosy patients has remained above 200,000 per year for the last decade)

Zero Leprosy : Document

The face of this male patient exhibited some of the pathologic characteristic associated with a case of nodular lepromatous, or multibacillary (MB), Hansen’s disease. Of note is the presence of cutaneous nodules upon the forehead, nose, cheeks, lips, and chin. The eyebrows are diminished as well. CDC:  The face of this male patient exhibited some of the pathologic characteristic associated with a case of nodular lepromatous, or multibacillary (MB), Hansen’s disease. Of note is the presence of cutaneous nodules upon the forehead, nose, cheeks, lips, and chin. The eyebrows are diminished as well.

Geographical distribution of new cases of Hansen’s disease reported to WHO in 2015

Geographical Distribution of New Cases of Hansen’s Disease Reported to WHO in 2015


Despite the declaration that Myanmar has achieved its leprosy elimination target, about 2600 to 3000 new patients are recorded every year

Myanmar Times

 


Leprosy in the US

IBTimes

“…In 2015, 178 new cases of leprosy were reported, according to the Health Resources and Services Administration. Seventy-two percent, or 129, of those cases came out of Texas, New York, Florida, Hawaii, California, Arkansas and Louisiana.

Twenty-one cases were reported in Texas in 2015 and 17 have been reported so far this year. An estimated 180 people in the state are currently undergoing treatment for the disease.

There were 211,903 cases of leprosy around the world as of 2010. The disease is rare due to the immunity that 95 percent of the population has against it. In the 1980s, the World Health Organization began its Leprosy Elimination Project. Since then, 14 million cases of the disease have been cured. ….”

 


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